The Battle of The Alamo took place in 1836 between February 23 and March 6 in present-day San Antonio, Texas. Part of the Texas Revolution of 1835–36, it takes its name from the Alamo Mission where it was fought. The Mexican army under General Antonio López de Santa Anna laid siege on the Alamo to recapture it. The Texian resistance led by William B. Travisput up a brave stand but was ultimately crushed and all Texians involved in the battle were killed. The Battle of the Alamo is considered a pivotal event of the Texas Revolution which inspired many volunteers to join the Texian army. It has featured in numerous works and remains one of the most famous in the history of Texas. Know about the causes, events, significance and casualties of the Battle of the Alamo through these 10 interesting facts.
1. The Alamo is named after the Spanish word for cottonwood
The Alamo Mission, commonly known as the Alamo, is located in present day city of San Antonio in Texas, U.S. It was founded around 1718 as one of the Spanish missions to educate Native Americans who had converted to Christianity. One mile north of the mission, the fort Presidio San Antonio de Bexar was built. In early 19th century, Spanish military troops were stationed at the former mission and it was the soldiers who called the complex “the Alamo”. The name was derived from thegrove of nearby cottonwood trees, known in Spanish as álamo. The original name of the mission was San Antonio de Valero.
2. The Battle of the Alamo was part of the Texas Revolution
Following the Mexican War of Independence (1810 – 1821), Texas became part of Mexico. It was sparsely populated and saw an influx of immigrants from the United Sates who soon vastly outnumbered the resident Mexicans. In the 1830s, under President Santa Anna, the Mexican government shifted away from federalism and towards centralism. The 1824 Constitution of Mexico was repealed and a provisional centralist system was established. This angered the federalists in Texas leading to unrest in the region which the Mexican authorities blamed on the U.S. immigrants. In October 1835, Texians attacked the Mexican troops thus initiating the Texas Revolution.