Fought at the towns of Lexington and Concord in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, the battles of Lexington and Concord remain highly significant historic events for being the first military engagements of the American Revolutionary War. There are many famous events that took place during the course of the battles like Paul Revere’s ride and the first shot which was ‘heard around the world’. Here are 10 interesting facts about the causes, events, contribution of minutemen, casualties and result of the battles.
1. The Intolerable Acts were a major cause for the battles
In response to the Boston Tea Party, during which in defiance of the Tea Act of 1773 the Massachusetts colonists destroyed an entire shipment of tea sent by the British, the British Parliament enforced a number of laws to punish Massachusetts so that other colonies wouldn’t dare to carry out such acts of defiance. The colonists responded to what they termed the Intolerable Acts by forming a rebel government known as the Massachusetts Provincial Congress and called for local militias to train for possible hostilities. In February 1775, the British government declared Massachusetts to be in a state of rebellion.
2. The battles were fought for weapons and ammunition held at Concord
The advent of American Revolution split the people in the American colonies into two groups – the Loyalists, who remained loyal to the British Crown; and the Patriots, who violently rebelled against British control in America. On April 14, 1775, General Thomas Gage, the military governor of Massachusetts, was told to take action to disarm the patriots and to imprison their leaders. He decided to send a force to seize the weapons and ammunition held by the Provincial Congress in the armory at Concord, some 15 miles from Boston.